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558 THE IRON INDUSTRY.
TABLE XXV-B. Steel Works in the East of France.
Those marked (B) have Bessemer converters.
. Province. Companies. Location.
Meurthe-et-Moselle Socie'te' anonyme des Acie"ries de
Longwy (B) Mont-Salnt-Martia
SociSte anonyme des Acie"ries de
Mlcheville (B) Micheville
MM. de Wendel et Cle, Maitres de
Forges (B) Joeuf
Socie"te" anonyme de Vezin-Aulnoye
Socle"te" anonyme des Hauts-Four-neaur, Forges et Acle"ries de Pom-pey (B) Pompey
SocifitS anonyme des Forges et Fon-
deries de Montatalre (B) Frouard
Meuae Socle"te" anonyme des Forges et Aci-
6rles de Commercy Commercy
Haute-Marne Compagnie des Forges de Cham-
pagne et du Canal de Saint-Dizier Marnaval-Salnt-a Wassy Dialer
Ardennes MM. Boutmy et Cle, Maitres de Messemp're"-
MM. Lefort et Cle, Maitrea de Forges Mohon
SEC. XXVc.—The North:
The great coal field of France lies in the provinces of Nord and Pas-de-Calais. It is an extension of the Belgian deposit and extends from the border to beyond Bethune; the city of Valenciennes may be regarded as a center. The developments in Pas-de-Calais are rather recent. An extension of the Nord coal fields has been exploited at depths ranging from 2300 to 4000 feet, and the French steel works have taken advantage of the new discoveries to acquire independent coal supplies. The coke is not of the best quality, but the Belgian is little better, and the demand has been ahead of the supply owing to the development of the iron industry in Meurthe et Moselle, so that although there are now 2000 coke ovens in operation and many more in process of erection, the price of fuel in France has been almost prohibitive. In the year 1900 coal retailed in Paris at $15 per ton and coke for foundry use as high as $10. These prices, which were exceptionally high even for France, encouraged imports in spite of a duty of 25 cents per ton, and coal from the United States entered Mediterranean ports, while England sent 6,000,000 tons of fuel, including coal and coke, and Germany supplied considerable coke. Belgian and English fuel is im-